11 October

Great Literature of the Eastern World: The Major Works of Prose, Poetry and Drama From China, India, Japan, Korea and the Middle East [1996], edited by Ian P McGreal, and its companion, Great Thinkers of the Eastern World: The Major Thinkers and the Philosophical and Religious Classics of China, India, Japan, Korea, and the World of Islam [1995] together offer us a list considerably longer than it might initially seem, because of the inclusion of a multitude of works under many of the entries, especially when you get to the entries of modern Japanese writers like 'The Novels of Mishima Yukio'. The inclusion of many obscure, at times inaccessible (to me!) works also means that, while in the long run I'd like to include it, for now it's being set aside. I cannot get the bibliographic research needed to collate this list with the others done within, say, a year, so to include it only partially would give users of the Greater Books site a misleading impression of the degree to which non-Western works are featured there.

Note that, formally, McGreal, in 1995, considered the Thinkers volume to be a companion to his Great Thinkers of the Western World: The Major Ideas and Classic Works of More Than 100 Outstanding Western Philosophers, Physical and Social Scientists, Psychologists, Religious Writers, and Theologians [1992], but for us that latter work is not pertinent to this project, being limited to non-fiction works. With the publication of the Literature volume, McGreal created another companion to Great Thinkers of the Eastern World. As he notes in the Preface to the former, "Some of the Eastern classics that one might expect to find in Great Literature of the Eastern World are not here only because they are philosophical/religious works prominently featured in this book's predecessor, Great Thinkers of the Eastern World. [...] Great Thinkers of the Eastern World emphasizes ideas and their place in philosophical and religious perspectives; the present volume concerns itself with expression of human experience through literature—through the use of images, recitals of significant events or moments, and reflection on what has happened in life" [original emphasis]. A few works are discussed in both; for our purposes, since the two McGreal projects are being combined to form one list, they will be counted once.

The underlined text is the section title; it is followed by, in both the books and the transcriptions here, on the first line, by the original title or alternate titles, if any; on the second line, the authors or a note about the work's authorship; and on the third, the date of composition, if given (for some of the entries, only the author's birth and date dates are given; these are not transcribed here). The literary form is also sometimes given, but it is not copied here.


The Book of Poetry
Shijing (Shih Ching) (Sometimes translated as the Book of Songs or the Book of Odes)
Poems date from tenth to sixth centuries B C; believed to have been edited by Confucius (d. 479 B C)

The Book of Changes

Yijing (I-ching)
Unknown; Composite work
Origins unclear; probably not put together as a coherent text until the ninth century B C (The so-called 'Ten Wings' were added in the early Han Dynasty [206 B C-A D 221])

The Book of History

Shujing (Shu Ching), Shang Shu, or Shu
Unknown. Contains imperial court documents (some believed to be later forgeries) from the earliest rulers down to the Zhou dynasty
Oldest material was written between the tenth and sixth centuries B C

The Commentaries of Zuo (Tso) on The Spring and Autumn Annuals
Zuo zhuan (Tso chuan)
Zuo Qiu-ming (Tso Ch'iu-ming)
Transmitted orally for generations, written down in the late fourth century B C

The Book of the Way
Daode jing (Tao-te ching) or Laozi (Lao-zu)
Traditionally attributed to Laozi, but authorship unknown
c. 300 B C

The Art of War
Sunzi bingfa (Sun-tzu ping fa), also known simply as Sunzi (Sun-tzu, sometimes Sun Tzu)
Unknown. The traditionally recognized author is Sun Wu, usually known as Sunzi (Sun-tzu), Sun being the surname, Wu the given name, and zi (tzu) a suffix indicating aristocratic lineage
Traditional date of composition: c. 500 B C. Probable actual date of composition: c. 300 B C

The Poetry of Qu Yuan (Ch'
ü Yüan)
Qu Yuan (Ch'ü Yüan), also known as Qu Ping (Ch'ü Ping)
'Encountering Sorrow', 'Nine Songs', 'Heaven Questions' 

The Book of Rites
Liji (Li-chi) (Also translated as Record of Ritual)
Composite work of ancient texts
Compiled during Han dynasty (206 B C-A D 222) 

The Book of Huainanzi (Huai-nan Tzu)
King Liu An, King of Huainan (and Su Fei, Li Shang, Zuo Wu [Tso Wu], Tian You [T'ien Yu], Lei Bei [Lei Pei], Mao Bei [Mao Pei], Wu Bei [Wu Pei], Jin Chan [Chin Ch'ang], and other unnamed literati)
Completed 139 B C

Records of the Grand Historian
Shiji (Shih-chi)
Sima Qian (Ssu-ma Ch'ien)

Intrigues of the Warring States
Zhanguoce (Chan-kuo ts'e)
No later than 8 B C

The Poetry of Tao Yuanming (T'ao Yüan-ming)
Tao Yuanming (T'ao Yüan-ming), also known as Tao Qian (T'ao Ch'ien)
'Returning to My Old Home', 'At the Beginning of Spring in the Year Kuei-Mao (Guimao)', 'Returning to Live in the Country', 'Return Home!', 'Peach Blossom Font'

The Poetry of Xie Lingyuan (Hsieh Ling-yün) 
Also known as Xie Kangle (Hsieh K'ang-lo), Duke of Kangle (Duke of K'ang-lo)
'Passing Through My Shining [Shih-ning] Estate', 'Leaving West Archery Hall at Dusk', 'On My Way from South Mountain to North Mountain, I Glance at the Scenery from the Lake', 'Journeying the Stream: Following the Jinzhu Torrent I Cross the Mountain'

Selections of Refined Literature
Wen xuan (Wen hsüan)
Xiao Tong (Hsiao T'ung), Crown Prince Zhaoming (Chao-ming) of the Liang
c. A D 526

The Poetry of Wang Wei
The Wang River poems, poems of Cloud Valley, 'Morning Audience', 'The Emperor Commands a Poem Be Written and Sent to My Friend, Prefect Wei Xi', 'From Puti Monastery', 'Living in the Hills', 'Hibiscus Hill', 'Bamboo Lodge', 'Deer Park', 'Goodbye to Tsu the Third at Chichou'

The Poetry of Li Bo (Li Po)
Also known as Li Bai (Li Pai)
'Quiet Night Thoughts', 'Ancient Airs' [59 poems], 'The Road to Shu Is Hard', 'Drinking Alone Beneath the Moon'

The Poetry of Du Fu (Tu Fu) 
'Ballad of Pengya', 'Northward Journey', 'Expressing My Feelings on Going from the Capital to Fengxian Prefecture', 'Ballad of the Army Carts', 'The Recruiting Officer of Shihao', 'Lament for the Prince', 'The Separation of an Old Man', 'Twenty Miscellaneous Poems from Quinzhou', 'Autumn Inspirations', 'Autumn Wastes', 'Yangtze and Han Rivers'

The Poetry of Hanshan (Han Shan)
Kanzan (in Japanese); also known as Cold Mountain
The 'Cold Mountain' poems

The Prose Works of Han Yu (Han Yü)
'Tracing the Origins of the Way', 'Offering to the Crocodiles', 'Disquisition on Teachers', 'Preface Sending Off Meng Jiao [Meng Chiao]', 'Memorial on the Buddha Bone', 'Biography of Mao Ying [Tipp O'Hair]'

The Poetry of Bo Juyi (Po Chü-yi)
Boshi Changqing ji (Master Bo's Changqing Era Collection); 'Song of Everlasting Regret', 'Songs of Qin [Ch'in], 'New Ballads'

The Poetry of Li He (Li Ho)
'Divine Strings', 'Matters Sealed in Green Writings', 'Ballad of a Pained Heart', 'Thirteen Poems from My Southern Garden', 'Song of General Lü', 'Changgu'

The Prose Works of Quyang Xiu (Ou-yang Hsiu) 
Various memorials submitted to the Court, expository essays on political matters, obituaries, New Tang History, New History of the Five Dynasties, Postscripts to Collected Ancient Inscriptions, 'Record of The Old Drunkard's Pavilion', 'The Autumn Sound'

The Poetry of Su Shi (Su Shih)
Also known as Su Dongpo (Su Tung-p'o)
Southern Travels Collection, 'On the Yangzi Watching the Hills', 'Written on the Wall at West Forest Temple', 'Prose Poems on the Red Cliff'

Romance of the Western Chamber
Xixiang ji (Hsi-hsiang chi)
Wang Shifu (Wang Shih-fu)
Second half of the thirteenth century

The Plays of Guan Hanqing (Kuan Han-ch'ing)
Guan Hanqing (Kuan Han-ch'ing)
Lord Guan Goes to the Feast with a Single Sword, Crying for Cunxiao (or Death of the Winged Tiger General), Rescued by a Coquette, The Riverside Pavilion, The Jade Mirror Stand, The Butterfly Dream, and Injustice to Dou E (or Snow in Midsummer)

The Water Margin
Shuihu zhuan (Shui-hu chuan); Outlaws of the Marsh, All Men Are Brothers 
Shi Nai'an (Shih Nai-an) and/or Luo Guanzhong (Lo Kuan-chung)
Composed c. middle of fourteenth century, with numerous subsequent recensions

Romance of the Three Kingdoms
Sanguo zhi yangi (San-kuo chih yen-i)
Attributed to Luo Guanzhong (Lo Kuan-chung)

Journey to the West
Xiyou (Hsi-yu Chi)
Wu Chengen (Wu Cheng-en)
Composed between the late 1560's and the year of the author's death; first published c. 1592

Golden Lotus
Jin Ping Mei (Chin P'ing Mei)
Composed 1590's; first complete version printed in 1610

Strange Stories from a Chinese Studio
Liaozhai Zhiyi (Liao-chai Chih-i)
Pu Songling (P'u Sung-ling) 
Composed between c. 1670-1707; published c. 1766

The Scholars
Rulin waishi (Ju-lin wai-shih) (Unofficial History of the Literati)
Wu Jingzi (Wu Ching-tzu)

Dream of the Red Chamber
Honglou meng (Hung-lou meng)
Cao Zueqin (Ts'ao Hsüeh-ch'in)
First printed edition, 1792

The Works of Lu Xun (Lu Hsün)
Pseudonym of Zhou Suren (Chou Shu-jen)
Calls to Arms [stories] (1923), Wandering [stories] (1926), Wild Grass [prose poems] (1927), The Grave [essays] (1927), And That's That [essays] (1928)

The Short Stories and Novels of Xiao Hong (Hsiao Hung)
Pseudonym of Zhang Nai Ying/Chuang Nai Ying
Major Short Stories: 'The Death of Wang Asao' (1932), 'Night Wind' (1933), 'Hands' (1936), 'Bridge' (1936), 'The Family Outsider' (1936), 'On the Oxcart' (1937), and 'Spring in a Small Town' (1941)
Major Novels: Field of Life and Death (1934), Market Street (1935), Tales of Hulan River (1939-1940), Ma Bole (1940-1941, unfinished)

The Fictional Works of Lao She
Pseudonym of Shu Xingchun/Shu Hsing-ch'un
Major Novels: The Two Mas (1931), Cat Country (1933), Divorce (1933), Rickshaw Boy (1936), Four Generations Under One Roof (1943), Cremation (1944)
Major Plays: The Face Issue (1941), The Dragon Beard Ditch (1950), Teahouse (1957)
Major Operas: Spring Wind (1943), Fifteen Springs of Cash (1956), Blue Clouds and White Snow (1959), Wang Baochuan (1964)
Major Short Stories: 'The Grand Opening' (1933), 'Mr. Jodhpurs' (1933), 'Black and White Li' (1934), 'The Crescent Moon' (1935), 'Tragedy in a New Age' (1935), 'A Benevolent Person' (1935), 'The Soul-slaying Spear' (1935), 'An Old and Established Name' (1935), 'This Life of Mine' (1937), and 'Going to Work' (1958)


Hymns of the Rig Veda
Many anonymous authors over the centuries 
1500 B C(?) to c. 800 B C

Brāhmanas and Āranyakas

Many anonymous authors
Tenth to fifth centuries B C


[Vālmīki] (by tradition)
Evolved over several centuries; work took its present form somewhere between the fourth and second centuries, B C

Mahābhārata (Great Poem of the Descendants of Bharata)

Rishi Vyasa
400 B C to 400 A D

The Song of the Lord (Bhagavad-Gītā)

Unknown. Tradition assigns the work to Vyasa, the legendary author of the Mahābhārata
The exact date of composition is unknown. The Gita has been dated as early as 500 B C and as late as A D 100. Most scholars situate the work between the fifth and first centuries, B C


The Path of Righteousness (or Virtue)
The Dhammapada consists of sayings attributed to the Buddha (Siddhartha Gautama); finally translated into Pali by unknown writers
Around third century B C 

Vedānta Sūtras

Vedāntasūtras or Brahmasūtras or Shārīraka-mīmāmsā-sūtras
Probably c. 200 B C

Panchatantra (The Five Books)

Unknown, sometimes attributed to the narrators: Vishnusharman or Vasughaga, depending on the version
Unknown, likely c. 200 B C

Deeds of the Buddha

Late first to mid-second centuries A D


Vyāsa (legendary author). Revised by many unknown writers
First century A D

Yoga Sūtra

Perhaps second to fourth centuries A D

Shakuntalā (Śakuntalā). The work is also known by its longer title: Abhijnānashakuntalā (Shakuntalā and the Ring of Recollection).
Middle of the fifth-century A D

Treasury of Well-Turned Verses

c. A D 1100 (revised version c. 1130)

Gītagovinda (Song of the Lord)
Twelfth century

c. 1574

The Works of Rammohun Roy

Raja Rammohun Roy 
A Gift to Deists (1803), Translation of an Abridgment of the Vedanta (1815), The Precepts of Jesus, A Guide to Peace and Happiness (1820)

The Poetry of Ghalib

Asadullah Khan Ghalib (Mirza Ghalib)
Major Poetic Works: In Urdu: Diwan-i-Ghabli, in Persian: Kulliyat-i-Nasir-Ghalib

The Works of Bankim Chandra Chatterjee

Major Works: Rajmohan's Wife (1864), The Daughter of the Feudal Lord (Durgeshnandini) (1865), Mrinalini (1869), The Poison Tree (Bishabriksha) (1873), Indira (1873), Chandrasekhar (1875), Krishnakanta's Will (1878), Anandamath (Abbey of Bliss) (1882), Rajsinha (1882), Sitaram (1887)

The Poetry of Rabindranath Tagore

Major Works: In English: Gitanjali (1912), The Gardener (1913), The Crescent Moon (1913); in Bengali: Prabhat Sangeet (Morning Songs) 1883, Mānasi (The Lady of the Mind) 1890, Sonār Tari (The Golden Boat) 1894, Naibedya (Offerings) 1901, Gitānjali (Song Offerings) 1912, Balākā (Wild Geese) 1916, Patra-put (Plate of Leaves) 1936, Naba-jatak (The Newly Born) 1940, Ses Lekhā (Last Writing) 1941

The Poetry of Muhammad Iqbal

Shaikh Muhammad Iqbal (Allama Iqbal)
Major Works: (In Persian) Asrar-i-Khudi (Secrets of the Self) (1915); Rumuz-i-Bekhudi (Mysteries of Selflessness) (1918); Payam-i-Mashriq (Message of the East) (1923); Zabur-i-Ajam (Persian Psalms) (1927); Javidnama (The Book of Eternity) (1932), Pas Chi Bayad Kard Ay Aqwam i Sharq? (What then is to be done, O Peoples of the East?) (1936). 
(In Urdu) Bang-i-Dara (The Caravan Bell) (1924); Bal-i Jibril (Gabriel's Swing) (1935); Zarb-i-Kalim (The Blow of Moses' Staff) (1936); Armaghan-i-Hijaz (The Gift From Hijaz) 1938.

Jaishankar Prasad

The Collection of Ten Thousand Leaves
Ōtomo no Yakamochi and other (unidentified) compilers; Princess Nukada, or Nukata, Kakinomoto no Hitomaro, Yamanoue no Ōkura, Ōtomo no Tabito, Lady Kasa

Tales of Ise

Ise monogatari
Unknown. Possibly, among others, Ariwara no Narihira
First part of tenth century

Collections of Poems Old and New

Anthologizers: Ki no Tsurayuki, Ki no Tomonori, Ōshikōchi no Mitsune, Mibu no Tadamine
Early tenth century

Tosa Diary

Tosa nikki
Ki no Tsurayuki
c. 935

Kagero Diary
Kagero nikki
Michitsuna's Mother (Michitsuna no Hacha)
c. 971

The Pillow Book
Makura no soshi
Sei Shonagon
c. 993-1010

The Tale of Geni (Genji monogatari)

Murasaki Shikibu
The bulk of The Tale of Genji was probably written and circulated chapter by chapter between the year 1003 and the author's death, as early as 1014. There is no known original holograph. Extant textual variants fall into three major categories: the Kawachi recension, the Aobyōshi recension, and a group of other dissimilar variants called Beppon.

An Account of a Ten-Foot Square Hut

Kamo no Chōmei

New Collection of Poems Ancient and Modern

Fujiwara no Teika (Sadaie), Minamoto no Michitomo, Fujiwara no Ariie, Fujiwara no Ietaka, Fujiwara no Masatsune, Jakuren
First decade of thirteenth century 

The Tale of the Heike

Heike monogatori
Thirteenth century

Essays in Idleness

Urabe Kenkō
Composed c. 1319 to c. 1350

The Noh Plays

Kan'ami Kiyotsugu, Zeami Motokiyo, Kanze Motomasa, Komparu Zenchiku, and others
Fourteenth through sixteenth centuries

The Fictional Works of Ihara Saikaku

Major Works: The Life of an Amorous Man (Kōshoku ichidai otoko) (1682); Five Women Who Loved Loved (Kōshoku gonin onna) (1686); The Life of an Amorous Woman (Kōshoku ichidai onna) (1686); The Great Mirror of Male Love (Nanshoku ōkagami) (1687); The Japanese Family Warehouse (Nippon eitaigura) (1688); Tales of Samurai Honor (Buke giri monogatari) (1688); Some Final Words of Advice (Saikaku oridome) (1694)

The Haiku Poetry of Matsuo Bashō

Major Works: Some thousand extant haiku; The Journal of the Weatherbeaten Skeleton (Nozarashi kikō) (1684); Collected Verses (Atsume ku) (1687); The Narrow Road to the Deep North (Oku no hosomichi) (c. 1689); Saga Diary (Saga nikki) (1691)

The Plays of Chikamatsu Monzaemon

Major plays: The Soga Heirs (1683), Victorious Kagekiyo (1686), Double Suicide at Sonezaki (1703), The Battles of Coxinga (1715), The Woman Killer and the Hell of Oil (1721)

The Haiku Poetry of Kobayashi Kissa

Major Works: Journal of My Father's Last Days (Chichi no Shuen Nikki) (1801); The Year of My Life (Ora ga Haru) (1819)

The Works of Mori Ōgai

Major Works: The Dancing Girl (Mahime) (1890), Vita Sexualis (1909), Youth (Seinen) (1910), Delusions (Mōsō) (1911), The Wild Goose (Gan) (1911-13), The Abe Clan (Abe ichizoku) (1913), Incident at Sakai (Sakai jiken) (1914), Suibue Chūsai (1916)

The Novels of Natsume Soseki

Original name Natsume Kinnosuke
Major Novels: I Am a Cat (1905-06), Botchan (1906), Red Poppy (1907), Sanshiro (1908), And Then (1909), The Gate (1910), To the Spring Equinox and Beyond (1912), The Wayfarer (1913), Kokoro (1914), Grass on the Wayside (1915), Darkness and Light (1916)

The Prose and Poetry of Yosano Akiko

Major Works: Poetry: Midaregami (Tangled Hair) (1901); 'My Brother, You Must Not Die' (1904); 'Sozorogoto' ('Verses in Idle Moments') (1908)

The Novels of Nagai Kafū

Major Works: The River Sumida (Sumidagawa) (1909), Geisha in Rivalry (Udekurabe) (1916-17), A Strange Tale from East of the River (Bokutō kidan) (1937), A Daily Account of the Calamity (Risai nichiroku) (1946-48)

The Fictional Works of Shiga Naoya

Major Works of Fiction: 'The Razor' (1910), 'My Mother's Death and My New Other' (1912), Otsu Junkichi (1912), 'Seibei and His Gourds' (1912), 'An Incident', 'Han's Crime (1913), 'At Kinosaki', Reconciliation (1917), A Dark Night's Passing (1937), 'Gray Moon' (1945)

The Novels of Tanizaki Jun'ichiro

Major Novels: Naomi (1925), Some Prefer Nettles (1929), The Secret History of Lord Musashi (1932), The Makioka sisters (1948), The Key (1956), Diary of a Mad Old Man (1962)

The Short Stories of Akutagawa Ryūnosuke

Major Works: 'The Rashō Gate' (1915), 'The Noise' (1916), 'Yam Gruel' (1916), 'The Bandits' (1917), 'A Life Spent at Frivolous Writing' (1917), 'Withered Fields' (1918), 'The Spider's Thread' (1918), 'Death of a Martyr' (1918), 'The Hell Screen' (1918), 'The Ball' (1919), 'Christ in Nanking' (1920), 'The Chastity of O-Tomi' (1922), 'In the Grove' (1922), 'Cogwheels' (1927), 'A Fool's Life' (1927)

The Fictional Works of Ibuse Masuji

Major Works: 'Salamander' (1922), 'Carp' (1926), 'Savan on the Roof' (1929), Waves: A War Diary (1938), John Majirō: A Castaway's Chronicle (1938), 'Tajinko Village' (1939), 'Isle-on-the-Billows' (1946), 'A Geisha Remembers' (1950), 'Station Inn' (1957), Lieutenant Lookeast (1961), Black Rain (1964)

The Fictional Works of Kawabata Yasunari

Major Works of Fiction: The Izu Dancer (Izu no odoriko) (1926), Palm of the Hand Stories (Tenohira no shōsetsu) (1926), Evening Sun (Yūhi) (1943), Snow Country (Yukiguni) (1948), Thousand Cranes (Senbazuru) (1949), Palm of the Hand Stories (Tanagokoro no shōsetsu) (1950), Dancing Girl (Maihime) (1951), The Sound of the Moutain (Yana no oto) (1954), The Lake (Mizuumi) (1955), House of the Sleeping Beauties (Nemureru bijo) (1961), Beauty and Sadness (Utsukushisa to kanashimi to) (1965), One Arm (Kataude) (1965) 

The Fictional Works of Enchi Fumiko

Major Works Translated: The Waiting Years (Onnazaka) (1957); Masks (Onnamen) (1958); Love in Two Lives: The Remnant (Nisei no en-shūi) (1958)
Untranslated: Banshun Sōya (1928); Himojii Tsukihi (1954); Ake o ubau mono (1969); Yūkon (1972); Namamiko monogatari (1965); Shokutoku no nai ie (1979)

The Novels of Mishima Yukio

Original name Hiraoka Kimitake
Major Works of Fiction: Confessions of the Mask (Kamen no kokuhaku) (1949); Thirst for Love (Ai no kawaki) (1950); The Sound of the Waves (Shiosai) (1954); The Temple of the Golden Pavilion (Kin Kajuji) (1956); After the Banquet (Utage no ato) (1960); Patriotism (Yukoku) (1960); The Sea of Fertility (Hojo no umi) (1970)

The Novels of Ariyoshi Sawako

Major Novels: The River Ki (1959), The Doctor's Wife (1967), The Twilight Years (1972), Kabuki Dancer (1972)

Koryŏ Songs
Major Poems (among others): 'Ode on the Seasons', 'Song of Green Mountain', 'Song of P'yongyang', 'Song of the Gong and Chimes', 'Will You Go?', 'Spring Overfows the Pavilion'
Various anonymous authors; a few poets identified by name
Twelfth to fourteenth centuries

Songs of Flying Dragons

Yongbi ŏch 'ŏn ka
Scholars in the Hall of Worthies

The Poetry of Hŏ Nansŏrhŏn

Nansŏrhŏn is her pen name; her given name was Ch'o-hi
Major Poems: 'A Woman's Sorrow', 'For My Brother Hagok', 'Mourning My Children', 'A Poor Woman'

The Poetry of Yun Sŏndo

Major Poems: 'Dispelling Gloom' (1618), 'New Songs in the Mountains' (and their sequel) (1614-1645), The Angler's Calendar (1651), 'The Disappointing Journey' (1652)

The Cloud Dream of the Nine
Kuun mong
Kim Man-jung (Kim Man-Choong)
Most critics believe that Kim in 1687 wrote Kuun mong in classical Chinese. Oldest extant version in woodblock print written in classical Chinese dated 1725. Versions in Korean published after 1725.

The Song of a Faithful Wife

Ch'unhyang ka (Ch'unghyang chŏn)
Original author unknown
Date of origin unknown. Oldest extant version in 1754. The singing version written down by Shin Chae-hyo (1812-1884). Modern rewritings from 1911 on

A Record of Sorrowful Days
Hanjung nok
Lady Hong of Hyegyŏng Palace

The Works of Pak Chiwŏn

Major Works: Yorha ilgi (Jehol Diary) (1780); 'Hŏsaeng chŏn' ('The Story of Master Hŏ'), 'Yangban chŏn' ('The Story of a Yangban'), 'Hojil' ('A Tiger's Reprimand'), 'Kwangmuncha chŏn' ('The Story of Kwangmum'), and 'Yedok Sonsaeng chŏn' ('The Story of Master Yedok')

Your Silence
Nim-ŭi ch'imuk (Your Silence or The Silence of Love)
Han Yong-un
Major Works: Chosŏn pulgyo yusillon (The Revitalization of Korean Buddhism) (1913), Pulgyo taejŏn (Encyclopedic Dictionary of Buddhism) (1915), Chosŏn tongnip-ŭi so (Basis for Korean Independence) (1919-1920), Hŭkp'ung (Black Wind--novel) (1926), Nim-ŭi ch'imuk (Your Silence--poetry) (1926), Huhŭi (Regret--novel], Pangmyŏng (The Ill-starred--novel) (1938)

Middle East:
The Seven Golden Odes
Imr'u al-Qays, Tarafa, Labid, 'Antara, Zuhayr, 'Amr ibn Kulthum, Harith 
Sixth century to early seventh century A D


Qur'ān (Koran is a common but less accurate transliteration)
According to Muslim belief, the Qur'ān is the Word of God as revealed to Muhammad (Abu al-Qasim Muhammad ibn 'Abd Allah 'Abd al-Muttalib ibn Hashim) over a 23-year period.
C. A D 650-655, the 'Uthmanic text', named for Uthman, the Third Caliph (A D 644-655). This official published text is based upon various collections of the verses. The first such collection goes back as early as the reign of the First Caliph (A D 632-634), Abu Bakr.

The Thousand and One Nights (The Arabian Nights)

Alf Layla wa-Layla
Unknown. Product of a long oral tradition.
A collection of tales, realistic or fantastic, of ancient Indian, Greek, Mesopotamian and Persian, and more recent Arabic origins that have been told and retold for thousands of years, especially in the Arabic-speaking Middle East.
These tales belonged to a primarily oral tradition, the core of which was probably written down in the tenth century. Other tales were added to the corpus over the centuries.


Shāhnāma (The Book of Fings) 
Abo'l-Qāsem Ferdowsi (Firdawsi or Ferdausi: 'The Paradisal')
Completed in 1010 

The Ring of the Dove

Tawq al-ḥamāmah (The Neck-ring of the Dove)
Abu Muhammad 'Ali ibn Ahmad ibn Ḥazm 
c. 1030

Maqāmāt al-Hammadhānī

Abū al-Faḍl Aḥmad b. al-Husayn (nicknamed Badi' al-Zamān al-Hamadhānī: Marvel or Wonder of the Age from Hamadhān)

Maqāmāt al-Ḥarīrī
Abū Muḥammad al-Qāsim b. 'Alī b. Muhammad b. Uthmān (usually known as al-arīrī, an attribute derived from his or family profession, either the making or trading of silk [arīr means silk in Arabic])

The Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam

The Conference of the Birds

Manteq at-Tair
Farīd ud-Dīn 'Aṭṭar

The Poetry of Nezami

Elyas ebn Yusuf Nezami 
Major Works: Khamzeh ('Quintet'); Makhzan al-Asrar ('The Treasure of Secrets'); Khosrow and Shirin; Leili and Majnun; Haft Paykar ('The Seven Portraits'); The Book of Alexander (consisting of two parts; Sharafnameh and Eqbalnameh)

The Poetry of Jalāl al-Dīn Rūmī

Jalāl al-Dīn Mohammad Balkhi
Major Works: Masnavi (Mathnavi), Divan-e Shams-e Tabrizi, Fihi ma Fihi (Prose Discourses)

The Poetry and Prose of Sa'di

Sheikh Nuslih-uddin Sa'di Shirazi 
Major Works: Golestan (The Rose Garden), Bustan (The Orchard), Ghazaliyat (Lyric Poems)

The Divan of 
Hafez (āfiẓ of Shiraz) (Shams al-Din Mohammad Shirazi)
Probably compiled in late fourteenth century

Muqaddimah (Introduction or Prolegomena) 

Ibn Khaldūn ('Abd ar-Rahman Abu Zayd ibn Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn Khaldūn)
Completed 1377

The Poetry and Prose of Jāmī

Nur al-Din 'Abd al-Raḥmān Jami
Major Works: The Seven Thrones (includes 'Salaman and Absal' and 'Joseph and Zuleikha'), Baharistan (The Garden in Spring)

The Works of Ṭāhā-Ḥusayn

Major Works: [Autobiography] (1927, 1932, 1955), Recalling Abū al-'Alā' [al-Ma'arrī] (1914), On Pre-Islamic Poetry (1925), The Future of Culture in Egypt (1938), The Call of the Karawān (1942)

The Works of Tawfīq al-Ḥakim

Tawfīq al-Ḥakim (also transliterated as Tewfik el-hakeem)
Major Works: The Men of the Cave (1933), Shahrazad (1934), The Maze of Justice (1937), Pygmalion (1942), The Sultan's Dilemma (1960), The Tree Climber (1962)

The Novels and Stories of Sadeq Hedayat

Major Works: Buried Alive (short stories) (1930), Three Drops of Blood (short stories) (1932), Chiaroscuro (short stories) (1933), Mrs. Alaviyyeh (novel) (1933), Mr. Bow Wow (satirical sketches), The Blind Owl (novel) (1937), The Stray Dog (short stories) (1942), Haji Aqa (novel) (1945), Parvin, Daughter of Satan (drama) (1930), Maziyar (drama) (1933)

The Novels of Ghassan Kanafani

Major Novels: Men in the Sun (1962), All That's Left to You (1966), Return to Haifa (1969), Umm Sa'ad (1969)


continued at 17 October post...