29 June

Charles W Eliot's Harvard Classics: The Five-Foot Shelf of Books, as noted previously is one of the two popular sets of "great books" that left an indelible mark on U S culture in the Twentieth Century. At various spots online, not least the My Harvard Classics site, one can download full-text scans of the original 51-volume set published in 1909; some of those sites also have the accompanying 20-volume Shelf of Fiction published in 1917. The bibliographic notes will be added and expanded well into the future, especially as with some of these entries I need to consult bibliographies at academic libraries.

The complexity of several of the Harvard Classics entries broaches again the difficult issue of identifying which shorter items were originally published as monographs. First of all, before the late Nineteenth Century, many shorter works that would've otherwise been published in periodicals were indeed monographs: pamphlets especially, but also lectures and scientific reports. The second matter: many of the ancient and medieval texts, most numerous in the World Canonical Texts list, only became books over time—and, no, that's not some cute remark about scrolls. Rather, a religious leader or a philosopher's writings or speeches, in some cases reported secondhand, were gradually compiled into a singular work, often centuries after the author in question had died. This phenomenon might lead us to define a collection of a modern author's letters (or notes and ephemera) as a book, but that argument doesn't hold; unless such a collection has been set aside as a well-defined, unquestioned singular work, such as the letters of Abelard and Héloïse. The crucial factor is still the authors' intention, even a dead author. Those religious and philosophical writers wrote, or at least spoke, for audiences; a large collection of letters, addressed to more than one recipient, is not for this project considered a singular work.

Volume 1:
1) The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin

2) The Journal of John Woolman

William Penn - Fruits of Solitude (3) Some Fruits of Solitude, in Reflections and Maxims Related to the Conduct of Human Life. Part I; 4) More Fruits of Solitude, Being the Second Part of Reflections and Maxims, Relating to the Conduct of Human Life)


Volume 2:  
5) Plato - The Apology of Socrates

6) Plato - Crito

7) Plato - Phaedo

The Golden Sayings of Epictetus [excerpts from Discourses]

8) The Meditations of Marcus Aurelius Antoninus

George Long - 'M Aurelius Antoninus'

George Long - 'The Philosophy of Antoninus'


Volume 3:
9) Francis Bacon - Essays, Civil and Moral (Essays or Counsels--Civil and Moral) [Essayes: Religious Meditations. Places of Perswasion and Disswasion. Seene and Allowed] [1597; expanded 1612; expanded and retited Essayes or Counsels, Civill and Morall in 1625]

10) Francis Bacon - [Nova Atlantis] The New Atlantis [1624]

11) John Milton - Areopagitica [1644]

12) John Milton - Tractate on Education (Milton's Tractate on Education) [On Education] [originally anonymously published 1644]

13) Sir Thomas Browne - Religio Medici [1643]


Volume 4:
The Complete Poems of John Milton 
[incl. 14) Paradise Lost; 15) Paradise Regained; Samson Agonistes]


Volume 5: 
Ralph Waldo Emerson - Essays and English Traits 
[incl. 16) An Oration, Delivered Before the Phi Beta Kappa Society at Cambridge [1837; later retitled The American Scholar] and 17) English Traits]


Volume 6: 
The Poems and Songs of Robert Burns


Volume 7: 
18) The Confessions of Saint Augustine [Confessions in Thirteen Books]

19) Thomas A Kempis - The Imitation of Christ


Volume 8:
Nine Greek Dramas [20) Aeschylus - The House of Atreus [The Oresteia];

21) Aeschylus - Prometheus Bound;

22) Sophocles - Oedipus the King; 

23) Sophocles - Antigone; 

24) Euripides - Hippolytus; 

25) Euripides - The Bacchae;

26) Aristophanes - The Frogs]


Volume 9:
Letters of Marcus Tullius Cicero With His Treatises on Friendship and Old Age (Letters of Cicero)
[incl. 27) On Friendship; 28) On Old Age]

Letters of Gaius Plinius Caecilius Secundus (Letters of Plinius)

 

Volume 10:
29) Adam Smith - An Inquiry Into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations


Volume 11:
30) Charles Darwin - The Origin of Species


Volume 12:
Plutarch's Lives [excerpts]


Volume 13:
31) Virgil's Aeneid


Volume 14:
Miguel de Cervantes - The First Part of the Delightful History of the Most Ingenious Knight Don Quixote of the Mancha

 
Volume 15:
32) Bunyan - The Pilgrim's Progress

Izaak Walton - The Lives of John Donne and George Herbert ('The Life of Dr. Donne'; 'The Life of Mr. George Herbert')


Volume 16: 
33) Stories From the Thousand and One Nights (The Arabian Nights' Entertainment)

 
Volume 17:
Folk-Lore and Fable (Aesop's Fables; Grimm's Tales; Andersen's Tales) 
[incl. Andersen's second Fairy Tales for Children [1838] in its entirety]

 
Volume 18:
Modern English Drama (34) John Dryden - All for Love; Or, The World Well Lost;

35) Richard Brinsley Sheridan - The School for Scandal;

36) Oliver Goldsmith - She Stoops to Conquer;

37) The Cenci - Percy Bysshe Shelley; 

38) Robert Browning - A Blot in the 'Scutcheon;

39) Lord Byron - Manfred)

 
Volume 19:
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Faust, Part I (The Tragedy of Faust)

40) Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Egmont

41) Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Hermann and Dorothea

42) Christopher Marlowe - The Tragical History of Doctor Faustus (Doctor Faustus)

 
Volume 20:
43) The Divine Comedy of Dante Alighieri

 
Volume 21:
44) Alessandro Manzoni - I Promessi Sposi (The Betrothed)

 
Volume 22:
45) The Odyssey of Homer

 
Volume 23:
46) R H Dana, Jr. - Two Years Before the Mast and Twenty-Four Years After

 
Volume 24:
47) Burke - The Sublime and Beautiful

48) Burke - Reflections on the Revolution in France

49) Burke - A Letter From the Right Hon. Edmund Burke to a Noble Lord

 
Volume 25:
50) John Stuart Mill - Autobiography

51) John Stuart Mill - Essay on Liberty

Thomas Carlyle - 'Characteristics' [published in the Edinburgh Review, Dec. 1831; included in Critical and Miscellaneous Essays, 1838]

52) Thomas Carlyle - Inaugural Address at Edinburgh (Inaugural Address) [Inaugural Address at Edinburgh, April 2nd, 1866] [1866]

Thomas Carlyle - Sir Walter Scott (Essay on Scott) ['Memories of the Life of Scott', published in London and Westminster Review, Jan. 1838; included in Critical and Miscellaneous Essays, 1838]


Volume 26:
Continental Drama (53) Pedro Calderon de la Barca - Life Is a Dream; 

54) Pierre Corneille - Polyeucte;

55) Jean Baptiste Racine - Phaedra;

56) Jean Baptiste Poquelin Moliere - Tartuffe, or The Hypocrite;

57) Gotthold Ephraim Lessing - Minna von Barnhelm, or The Soldier's Fortune;

58) Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller - William Tell)

 
Volume 27:
English Essays, From Sir Philip Sidney to Macaulay (59) Philip Sidney - The Defence of Poesy;

Ben Jonson - 'On Shakespeare'; 'On Bacon' [essays from Explorata, Timber or Discoveries Made Upon Men and Matter];

Abraham Cowley - 'Of Agriculture';

Joseph Addison - 'The Vision of Mirza'; 'Westminster Abbey';

Sir Richard Steele - The Spectator Club ['Of the Club', originally published in the Spectator, 1 Mar. 1711];

Jonathan Swift - 'Hints Toward an Essay on Conversation';

Jonathan Swift - 'A Treatise on Good Manners and Good Breeding';

{} Jonathan Swift - A Letter of Advice to a Young Poet[: Together With a Proposal for the Encouragement of Poetry in This Kingdom] [1721];

Jonathan Swift - 'On the Death of Esther Johnson' [Stella] [excerpt from The Journal to Stella];

{} Daniel Defoe - The Shortest-Way With the Dissenters: Or Proposals for the Establishment of the Church [1702];

Daniel Defoe - 'The Education of Women';

Samuel Johnson - 'Life of Addison, 1672-1719';

David Hume - 'Of the Standard of Taste';

Sydney Smith - 'Fallacies of Anti-Reformers';

Samuel Taylor Coleridge - 'On Poesy or Art' [1818 lecture; originally published in The Literary Remains of Samuel Taylor Coleridge, 1836]

William Hazlitt - 'Of Persons One Would Wish to Have Seen' [originally published in Literary Remains of the Late William Hazlitt, 1836; also included in Winterslow: Essays and Characters Written There, 1839];

Leigh Hunt - 'Deaths of Little Children' [originally published in the Indicator];

Leigh Hunt - 'On the Realities of Imagination';

Charles Lamb - 'On the Tragedies of Shakespeare' [originally published in the Reflector, 1811];

Thomas de Quincey - 'Levana and Our Ladies of Sorrow' [part of Suspiria de Profundis; originally published in Blackwood's Magazine, Jun. 1845];

Percy Bysshe Shelley - 'A Defence of Poetry';

Thomas Babington Macaulay - 'Machiavelli' [originally published in the Edinburgh Review, 1827])


Volume 28:
Essays English and American (William Makepeace Thackeray - 'Jonathan Swift';

{} John Henry Newman - The Idea of a University [originally published as Discourses on University Education and as Discourses on the Scope and Nature of University Education 1852; revised and retitled as The Scope and Nature of University Education, 1859]; Lectures and Essays on University Subjects [1859]; these two volumes combined to form The Idea of a University Defined and Illustrated [1873]]; 

Matthew Arnold - 'The Study of Poetry' [introduction to The English Poets]

{} John Ruskin - Sesame and Lilies [two lectures, 'Of Kings' Treasures' and 'Of Queens' Gardens' delivered 1864; published 1865; second edition that year includes preface; revised, with new preface and essay 'The Mystery of Life and Its Art', 1871; 'Mystery' essay removed and another new preface added for 1882 edition]; 

Walter Bagehot - 'John Milton' [originally published in the National Review, Jul. 1859]

Thomas Henry Huxley - 'Science and Culture' [lecture delivered 1 Oct. 1880; published in anthology Science and Culture: Collected Essays, 1881]

Edward Augustus Freeman - 'Race and Language' [originally published in the Contemporary Review, Feb. 1877; revised version, in Historical Essays, Third Series [1879], includes portions of 'The Geographical Aspect of the Eastern Question', originally published in the Fortnightly Review, Jan. 1877]

Robert Louis Stevenson - 'Truth of Intercourse' [originally published May 1879 in Cornhill Magazine (volume 39); published in Virginibus Puerisque and Other Papers, 1881 as the fourth of four essays collectively entitled 'Virginibus Puerisque'];  

Robert Louis Stevenson - 'Samuel Pepys' [originally published Jul. 1881 in Cornhill Magazine (volume 44); later included in Familiar Studies of Men and Books, 1882]

William Ellery Channing - 'On the Elevation of the Laboring Classes' [1840]

Edgar Allan Poe - 'The Poetic Principle' [originally published in the Home Journal, 31 Aug. 1850 and the Union Magazine of Literature and Art, Oct. 1850]

Henry David Thoreau - 'Walking' [chapter 6 of Excursions [1863]]

James Russell Lowell - 'The President's Policy' [originally anonymously published in North American Review (volume 98, issue 102) Jan. 1864; included in Political Essays, 1888]

{} James Russell Lowell - On Democracy [1884; lecture delivered that year])


Volume 29:
{} Charles Darwin - The Voyage of the Beagle


Volume 30:
Scientific Papers ({} Michael Faraday - [A Course of Six Lectures on the Various Forces of Matter and Their Relations to Each Other] Forces of Matter [edited 1859 lectures; originally published in the Chemical News, 1860; book version published the same year];

{} Michael Faraday - The Chemical History of a Candle [edited 1848 lectures; originally published in the Chemical News, 1861; first book version, entitled A Course of Six Lectures on the Chemical History of a Candle: To Which Is Added a Lecture on Platinum (that lecture having been published in the Chemical News as 'On Platinum', 1861) published in 1861; 'On Platinum' removed for some later editions];

Hermann von Helmholtz - On the Conservation of Force;

Hermann von Helmholtz - Ice and Glaciers;

Sir William Thomson (Lord Kelvin) - The Wave Theory of Light;

Sir William Thomson (Lord Kelvin) - The Tides;

{} Simon Newcomb - The Extent of the Universe [1884];

Sir Archibald Geikie - Geographical Evolution [lecture delivered 24 Mar. 1879; included in Geographical Sketches at Home and Abroad])


Volume 31:
{} The Autobiography of Benvenuto Cellini


Volume 32:
Literary and Philosophical Essays (Charles Augustin Sainte-Beuve - 'Montaigne' [included in Causeries de Lundi]

Charles Augustin Sainte-Beuve - 'What Is a Classic?' [1850; included in Causeries de Lundi];

Ernest Renan - The Poetry of the Celtic Races ['La Poésie des Races Celtiques', in Essais de Morale et de Critique, 1859];

{} Gotthold Ephraim Lessing - The Education of the Human Race [1780];

{} J C Friedrich von Schiller - [Über die Äthetische Erziehung des Menschen in Einer Reihe von Briefen] Letters Upon the Aesthetic Education of Man [1794];

{} Immanuel Kant - Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysics of Morals;

Giuseppe Mazzini - 'Byron and Goethe' [originally published in Monthly Chronicle, 1839])


Volume 33:
Voyages and Travels Ancient and Modern (Herodotus - 'An Account of Egypt';

Tacitus - Germany [excerpt];

Sir Francis Drake - Sir Francis Drake Revived;

Francis Pretty - Sir Francis Drake's Famous Voyage Round the World;

Captain Walter Bigges - Drake's Great Armada;

Edward Haies - {} [A Narrative of the Expedition of Sir Humfrey Gylberte in 1583 for the Planting of a Colony in America, as Given by Captain Edward Haies, a Distinguished Member of the Expedition] Sir Humphrey Gilbert's Voyage to Newfoundland;

Sir Walter Raleigh - {} [The Discoverie of the Large, Rich, and Bewtiful Empyre of Guiana] The Discovery of Guiana [1596])


Volume 34:
French and English Philosophers ({} Rene Descartes - Discourse on the Method of Rightly Conducting the Reason and Seeking the Truth in the Sciences; 

Voltaire - {} Letters on the English; 

J J Rousseau - {} A Discourse Upon the Origin and the Foundation of Inequality Among Mankind; 

J J Rousseau - Profession of Faith of a Savoyard Vicar

Thomas Hobbes - Of Man, Being the First Part of the Leviathan)


Volume 35:
Chronicle and Romance ({} The Chronicles of Froissart; 

Sir Thomas Malory - The Holy Grail [excerpt from Le Morte d'Arthur]

A Description of Elizabethan England Written by William Harrison for Holinshed's Chronicles)


Volume 36:
{} Niccolo Machiavelli - The Prince

{} William Roper - The Life of Sir Thomas More [1626]

{} Sir Thomas More - Utopia

Martin Luther - {} Ninety-Five Theses

Martin Luther - {} Address to the German Nobility

Martin Luther - {} Concerning Christian Liberty


Volume 37:
English Philosophers of the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries ({} John Locke - Some Thoughts Concerning Education; 

{} George Berkeley - Three Dialogues Between Hylas and Philonous in Opposition to Sceptics and Atheists; 

{} David Hume - An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding)

 
Volume 38:
Scientific Papers (The Oath of Hippocrates; The Law of Hippocrates

Ambroise Paré - {} [The Apology and Treatise Containing the Voyages Made to Divers Places] Journeys in Diverse Places;

{} William Harvey - On the Motion of the Heart and Blood in Animals;

{} Edward Jenner - The Three Original Publications on Vaccination Against Smallpox;

O[liver] W[endell] Holmes[, Sr.] - 'The Contagiousness of Puerperal Fever' [originally published in the New England Quarterly Journal of Medicine, 1843; included in Medical Essays, 1855];

Lord Lister - 'On the Antiseptic Principle of the Practice of Surgery' [lecture delivered 9 Aug. 1867; published in the British Medical Journal];

Louis Pasteur - The Physiological Theory of Fermentation;

Louis Pasteur - The Germ Theory and Its Application to Medicine and Surgery (Revised) [lecture delivered 29 Apr.1878; published in Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Sciences];

Louis Pasteur - On the Extension of the Germ Theory to the Etiology of Certain Common Diseases (Revised) [lecture delivered 3 May 1880; published in Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Sciences]

Sir Charles Lyell - Prejudices Which Have Retarded the Progress of Geology; Uniformity in the Series of Past Changes in the Animate and Inanimate World [excerpts from Principles of Geology])


Volume 39:
Famous Prefaces (Prefaces and Prologues to Famous Books)


Volume 40:
English Poetry From Chaucer to Grey


Volume 41:
English Poetry From Collins to Fitzgerald


Volume 42:
English Poetry From Tennyson to Whitman


Volume 43:
American Historical Documents From 1000 to 1904


Volume 44:
Sacred Writings ({} The Sayings of Confucius;

The Book of Job; The Book of Psalms; Ecclesiastes; or, The Preacher; The Gospel According to Luke; The Acts of the Apostles)


Volume 45:
Sacred Writings (The First Epistle of Paul to the Corinthians; The Second Epistle of Paul to the Corinthians

Hymns of the Christian Church;

Buddhist Writings, Translated and Annotated by Henry Clarke Warren;

The Bhagavad-Gita or Song Celestial, Translated by Sir Edwin Arnold;

Chapters From the Koran, Translated and Annotated by E H Palmer)


Volume 46:
Elizabethan Drama ({} Christopher Marlowe - Edward the Second;

William Shakespeare - {} The Tragedy of Hamlet Prince of Denmark;

{} King Lear;

{} The Tragedy of Macbeth;

{} The Tempest)


Volume 47:
Elizabethan Drama ({} Thomas Dekker - The Shoemaker's Holiday;

{} Ben Jonson - The Alchemist;

{} Francis Beaumont and John Fletcher - Philaster;

{} John Webster - The Duchess of Malfi;

{} Philip Massinger - A New Way to Pay Old Debts)


Volume 48:
{} Blaise Pascal - Thoughts

Blaise Pascal - Letters

Blaise Pascal - Minor Works


Volume 49:
Epic and Saga ({} Beowulf;

{} The Song of Roland;

{} The Destruction of Da Derga's Hostel;

{} The Story of the Volsungs and Niblungs)


Volume 50:
Introduction, Reader's Guide, Indexes


Volume 51:
Lectures on the Harvard Classics - William Allan Nielson, ed. [Eliot says in the introduction, "The Lecture Series on the contents of the Harvard Classics ought to do much to open that collection of literary materials to many ambitious young men and women whose education was cut short."]


The Shelf of Fiction was published in 1917:
Volumes 1 and 2:
{} Henry Fielding - The History of Tom Jones

Volume 3:
{} Laurence Sterne - A Sentimental Journey
{} Jane Austen - Pride and Prejudice

Volume 4:
{} Sir Walter Scott - Guy Mannering

Volumes 5-6:
{} William Makepeace Thackeray - Vanity Fair

Volumes 7-8:
{} Charles Dickens - David Copperfield

Volume 9:
{} George Eliot - The Mill on the Floss

Volume 10:
Nathaniel Hawthorne - {} The Scarlet Letter
Nathaniel Hawthorne - 'Rappaccini's Daughter'

Washington Irving - 'Rip Van Winkle' 
Washington Irving - 'The Legend of Sleepy Hollow'

Edgar Allan Poe - 'Eleonora', 'The Fall of the House of Usher',
and 'The Purloined Letter'

Francis Bret Harte - 'The Luck of Roaring Camp', 'The Outcasts of Poker Flat',
and 'The Idyl of Red Gulch'

Samuel L. Clemens - 'Jim Smiley and His Jumping Frog'

Edward Everett Hale - 'The Man Without a Country'

Volume 11:
{} Henry James - The Portrait of a Lady

Volume 12:
{} Victor Hugo - Notre Dame de Paris

Volume 13:
{} Honore de Balzac - Old Goriot

{} George Sand - [La Mare au Diable] The Devil's Pool [1846]

{} Alfred de Musset - [Histoire d'un Merle Blanc] The Story of a White Blackbird [1842]

Alphonse Daudet - ['Contes du Lundi: Le Siège de Berlin'] The Siege of Berlin [originally published in Le Soir, 18 July 1871; title shortened to Le Siège de Berlin for inclusion in Lettres à un Absent, 1871; also included in expanded version of Contes du Lundi, 1878]
Alphonse Daudet - ['La Dernière Classe, Récit d'un Petit Alsacien'] The Last Class--The Story of a Little Alsatian [originally published in Le Soir, 13 May 1872; titled shortened to 'La Dernière Classe' for inclusion in Contes du Lundi, 1873]
Alphonse Daudet - ['Contes du Lundi: L'Enfant Espion'] The Child Spy [originally published in Le Soir, 25 July 1871; title shortened to 'L'Enfant Espion' for inclusion in Lettres à un Absent, 1871; also included in expanded version of Contes du Lundi, 1878]
Alphonse Daudet - [Contes de Lundi: La Partie de Billard'] The Game of Billiards [originally published in Le Soir, 26 September 1871; title shortened to 'La Partie de Billard' for inclusion in Contes du Lundi, 1873]
Alphonse Daudet - ['Contes du Lundi: Le Zouave'] The Bad Zouave [originally published in Le Soir, 15 July 1872; retitled 'Le Mauvais Zouave' for inclusion in Contes du Lundi, 1873]

Guy de Maupassant - [L'Aventure de Walter Schnaffs] Walter Schnaffs' Adventure [originally published in Le Gaulois, 11 April 1883]
Guy de Maupassant - ['Deux Amis'] Two Friends [originally published in Gil Blas, 5 February 1883]

Volume 14:
{} Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship

Volume 15:
{} Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - The Sorrows of Young Werther

{} Gottfried Keller - [Das Fähnlein der Sieben Aufrechten] The Banner of the Upright Seven

{} Theodor Storm - [Der Schimmelreiter] The Rider on the White Horse [1888]

{} Theodor Fontane - [Irrungen, Wirrungen] Trials and Tribulations [1888]

Volumes 16-17:
{} Leo Tolsoy - Anna Karenina


Volume 18:
{} Fyodor Dostoevsky - Crime and Punishment

Volume 19:
Ivan Turgenev - {} A House of Gentlefolk [Home of the Gentry]
Ivan Turgenev - {} Fathers and Children

Volume 20:
{} Juan Valera - Pepita Jimenez [originally published serially 1874]

{} Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson - [En Glad Gut] A Happy Boy [1860]

{} Alexander L Kielland - Skipper Worse [1882]