11 May

Adams, Henry - The Education of Henry Adams (1907)

Aeschylus - Agamemnon (458 B C)

Aristotle - Politics

Aristotle - 'On Happiness' (excerpt from Nicomachean Ethics)

Aristotle - 'On Tragedy'

Augustine, St. - The City of God (413-26)

Bible - Genesis; Exodus; Job; Ecclesiastes; The Gospel of Mark

Burke, Edmund - Reflections on the Revolution in France (1790)

Chaucer, Geoffredy - The Canterbury Tales (after 1387)

Chekhov, Anton Pavlovich - Rothschild's Fiddle (1894); Uncle Vanya (1896)

Clausewitz, Karl von - 'What Is War?' [excerpt from On War (1833)]

Conrad, Joseph - 'Heart of Darkness' [story in Typhoon and Youth (1902)]

Dante, Alighieri - 'The Inferno' [canticle in Divine Comedy (c. 1310-20)]

Darwin, Charles - 'The Moral Sense of Man and the Lower Animals' [excerpts from On the Origin of Species (1859) and The Descent of Man (1871)]

Dewey, John - 'The Virtues' [excerpt from Ethics (1908)]; 'Habits and Will' [excerpt from Human Nature and Conduct (1922)]

Diderot, Denis - Rameau's Nephew (posthumously published in 1805)

Dostoevsky, Fyodor Mikhailovich - Notes from the Underground (1864)

Euripides (5th century B C) - Medea

Euripides (5th century B C) - Iphigeneia at Aulis

Flaubert, Gustave - 'A Simple Heart' (short story, c. 1850)

Freud, Sigmund - 'On Dreams' [excerpt from The Interpretation of Dreams (1900)]

Gibbon, Edward - The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire (1776, 1781, 1787-88)

Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von - Faust, Part 1 (1808)

Gogol, Nikolai - 'The Overcoat' (First part of novel Dead Souls)

Hamilton, Alexander; Jay, John; Madison, James - The Federalist (1787-88)

Herodotus (5th century B C) - 'The Persian Wars' (excerpt from his History)

Hobbes, Thomas - Origin of Government [presumably Leviathan]

Homer (8th or 7th century B C) - The Iliad

Hume, David - 'Of Personal Identity' [excerpt from A Treatise on Human Nature (1739-40)]

Hume, David - 'Of Justice and Injustice' [excerpt from Essays, Moral and Political (1741-42)]

James, Henry - The Beast in the Jungle (1903)

Kafka, Franz - The Metamorphosis (1915)

Kant, Immanuel - 'Conscience' [presumably an excerpt from The Critique of Practical Reason]

Kant, Immanuel - 'First Principles of Morals' [excerpt from Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysics of Morals (1785)]

Kierkegaard, Soren Abaye - 'The Knight of Faith' [excerpt from Fear and Trembling (1843)]

Locke, John - 'Of Civil Government' [excerpt from the second of his Two Treatises of Government (1690)]

Machiavelli, Niccolo - The Prince (1513)

Maimonides - 'On Evil' [excerpt from Guide for the Perplexed]

Marx, Karl - 'Alienated Labour' [excerpt from Das Kapital (1867)]

Melville, Herman - Billy Budd, Sailor (1924)

Mill, John Stuart - On Liberty (1859); Utilitarianism (1863)

Molière - The Misanthrope (1666)

Montaigne, Michel Eyquem de - 'Of Experience' [Book III, Chapter 13 (1578) of his Essays]

Montesquieu, Baron de - 'Principles of Government' [excerpt from The Spirit of the Laws (1748)]

Nietzsche, Friedrich - Thus Spoke Zarathustra (1883-92)

Plato (4th century B C) - The Republic; Symposium; The Crito; The Apology

Rousseau, Jean-Jacques - The Social Contract (1762)

Schopenhauer, Arthur - 'The Indestructibility of Our Inner Nature' [excerpt from The World as Will and Representation (1818)]

Shakespeare, William - Hamlet (1600-01); Othello (1604); King Lear (1606); Anthony and Cleopatra (1607-08); The Tempest (1611)

Shaw, George Bernard - Caesar and Cleopatra (1899)

Simmel, Georg - 'Individual Freedom' [excerpt from The Philosophy of Money (1900)]

Smith, Adam - Inquiry Into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations (1776)

Sophocles (5th century B C) - Antigone; Oedipus the King

Swift, Jonathan - Gulliver's Travels (1726)

Thoreau, Henry David - Civil Disobedience (1849)

Thucydides (5th century B C) - History of the Peloponnesian War

Tocqueville, Alexis de - 'The Power of the Majority' [excerpt from Democracy in America (1835, 1840)]

Tolstoy, Count Leo Nikolayevich - The Death of Ivan Ilych (1886)

Weber, Max - The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism (1920)